What are the causes and recommended actions for recurrent miscarriages?

Symptom Database

Recurrent miscarriages, also known as pregnancy loss, can be a devastating experience for couples trying to conceive. The emotional toll of going through multiple miscarriages can be overwhelming, leaving individuals feeling helpless and desperate for answers. In this article, we will explore the causes of recurrent miscarriages and recommend actions that can be taken to cope with and potentially prevent future losses.

Understanding Recurrent Miscarriage

Recurrent miscarriage is defined as the occurrence of three or more consecutive pregnancy losses before the 20th week of gestation. It affects approximately 1-2% of couples trying to conceive and can be a result of various factors.

Possible Causes of Recurrent Miscarriage

While the exact causes of recurrent miscarriage are often difficult to determine, several factors have been identified as potential contributors:

  • Genetic abnormalities: Chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus are a common cause of miscarriage. These abnormalities can occur spontaneously or be inherited from one or both parents.
  • Hormonal imbalances: Imbalances in hormones, such as progesterone, can disrupt the development of the uterine lining, making it difficult for the embryo to implant and thrive.
  • Anatomical issues: Structural abnormalities in the uterus, such as fibroids or a septum, can increase the risk of miscarriage by interfering with implantation or proper fetal development.
  • Autoimmune disorders: Certain autoimmune disorders, such as antiphospholipid syndrome or lupus, can cause the body to produce antibodies that attack the developing fetus.
  • Thrombophilia: Inherited blood clotting disorders can increase the risk of miscarriage by impairing blood flow to the placenta.
  • Lifestyle factors: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, and obesity have all been linked to an increased risk of recurrent miscarriage.

Coping with Recurrent Miscarriage

Experiencing recurrent miscarriages can be emotionally and physically draining. It is essential to find healthy ways to cope with the grief and uncertainty that comes with each loss. Here are some recommended actions:

Seeking Emotional Support

Dealing with pregnancy loss can be an isolating experience. Reach out to friends, family, or support groups who can provide understanding and empathy. Professional counseling or therapy can also be beneficial in navigating the complex emotions associated with recurrent miscarriage.

Educating Yourself

Understanding the causes and potential treatments for recurrent miscarriage can help individuals feel more empowered and in control. Research reputable sources, consult with medical professionals, and ask questions to gain a comprehensive understanding of the condition.

Exploring Treatment Options

Depending on the underlying cause of recurrent miscarriage, various treatment options may be available. These can include hormonal therapies, surgical interventions to correct anatomical issues, or medications to address autoimmune disorders. Consult with a fertility specialist to determine the most appropriate course of action.

Pregnancy After Miscarriage

One of the most challenging aspects of recurrent miscarriage is the fear and anxiety that can accompany subsequent pregnancies. However, it is important to remember that the majority of women who experience recurrent miscarriage go on to have successful pregnancies. Here are some tips for navigating pregnancy after miscarriage:

Managing Anxiety

It is natural to feel anxious during subsequent pregnancies, but excessive stress can be detrimental to both physical and emotional well-being. Engage in relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or meditation, and communicate openly with healthcare providers about concerns and fears.

Regular Prenatal Care

Attending regular prenatal check-ups is crucial for monitoring the progress of the pregnancy and addressing any potential issues promptly. Establishing a strong relationship with a healthcare provider who understands the history of recurrent miscarriage can provide reassurance and support.

Self-Care and Emotional Well-being

Take care of yourself physically and emotionally during pregnancy. Engage in activities that promote relaxation and stress reduction, such as gentle exercise, prenatal yoga, or spending time in nature. Surround yourself with a supportive network of loved ones who can provide encouragement and understanding.


Recurrent miscarriage is a challenging and often heartbreaking experience for couples trying to conceive. Understanding the potential causes and seeking appropriate medical interventions can increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. Coping with the emotional toll of recurrent miscarriage requires seeking support, educating oneself, and taking proactive steps towards self-care. While the journey may be difficult, many individuals go on to have healthy pregnancies after recurrent miscarriage. Remember, you are not alone, and there is hope for a brighter future.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
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