What are the causes and remedies for changes in urination or bowel movements?

Symptom Database

Changes in urination or bowel movements can be concerning and may indicate underlying health issues. It is important to understand the causes and remedies for these changes to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment. In this article, we will explore the various factors that can lead to urination and bowel movement changes, as well as provide valuable insights on how to address these symptoms.

Urination Changes

Urination problems can manifest in different ways, including abnormal frequency, urgency, or pain during urination. These changes may be indicative of urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder or kidney stones, prostate issues (in men), or even certain medications. Here are some common causes and remedies for urination changes:

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

UTIs occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract, leading to infection. Symptoms of UTIs include frequent urination, a strong urge to urinate, and a burning sensation during urination. To remedy UTIs:

  • Drink plenty of water to flush out bacteria.
  • Take prescribed antibiotics to eliminate the infection.
  • Avoid irritants such as caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods.

Bladder or Kidney Stones

Stones can form in the bladder or kidneys, causing pain and affecting urination. Symptoms include blood in the urine, lower abdominal pain, and difficulty passing urine. Remedies for bladder or kidney stones include:

  • Increasing fluid intake to help flush out the stones.
  • Taking pain medication as prescribed by a healthcare professional.
  • In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove larger stones.

Prostate Issues (in Men)

Enlarged prostate or prostate infections can lead to urination problems in men. Symptoms include weak urine flow, frequent urination (especially at night), and difficulty starting or stopping urination. Remedies for prostate issues may include:

  • Medications to reduce prostate size or treat infections.
  • Surgery may be necessary in severe cases.
  • Behavioral changes, such as avoiding caffeine and alcohol, can also help alleviate symptoms.

Bowel Movement Changes

Changes in bowel movements can range from constipation to diarrhea, and can be caused by various factors such as diet, medications, or underlying health conditions. Here are some common causes and remedies for bowel movement changes:

Dietary Factors

What we eat plays a significant role in our bowel movements. A diet low in fiber can lead to constipation, while excessive consumption of certain foods can cause diarrhea. To address bowel movement changes related to diet:

  • Increase fiber intake by consuming fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Avoid foods that can trigger diarrhea, such as spicy or greasy foods.
  • Stay hydrated to maintain regular bowel movements.


Some medications can affect bowel movements, either by causing constipation or diarrhea as a side effect. If you suspect your medication is causing bowel problems, consult your healthcare provider for potential alternatives or remedies.

Underlying Health Conditions

Various health conditions can impact bowel movements. Examples include irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and gastrointestinal infections. Remedies for bowel movement changes related to underlying health conditions may include:

  • Medications to manage symptoms and reduce inflammation.
  • Dietary modifications, such as avoiding trigger foods.
  • Stress management techniques, as stress can exacerbate symptoms.

When to Seek Medical Attention

While some changes in urination or bowel movements can be managed with lifestyle modifications, it is crucial to know when to seek medical attention. If you experience any of the following symptoms, consult a healthcare professional:

  • Blood in urine or stool
  • Severe pain during urination or bowel movements
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Persistent changes in urinary or bowel habits

Remember, early detection and proper diagnosis are key to addressing any underlying health issues.


Changes in urination or bowel movements can be indicative of various health conditions. Understanding the causes and remedies for these changes is essential for maintaining overall well-being. By recognizing the symptoms and seeking appropriate medical attention when necessary, individuals can address these issues and improve their quality of life.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
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