What are the causes and remedies for difficulty with eye movements?

Symptom Database

Difficulty with eye movements, also known as eye movement disorders or oculomotor dysfunction, refers to a condition where individuals experience problems with controlling and coordinating their eye movements. This can manifest as eye tracking problems, abnormal eye movements, or impaired eye coordination. Eye movement difficulties can significantly impact a person’s daily life, making it challenging to perform tasks that require precise eye movements, such as reading, driving, or playing sports. In this article, we will explore the causes of difficulty with eye movements and discuss potential remedies for this condition.

Causes of Difficulty with Eye Movements

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of eye movement challenges. Understanding these causes is crucial in determining the appropriate remedies for individuals experiencing this condition. Some common causes include:

Neurological Conditions

Neurological conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, or stroke, can affect the brain’s ability to control eye movements. These conditions may disrupt the signals between the brain and the muscles responsible for eye movement, leading to difficulties in coordinating eye motions.

Eye Muscle Weakness

Weakness in the muscles that control eye movements can result in impaired eye coordination. This weakness can be caused by various factors, including muscle disorders, nerve damage, or trauma to the eye area. When the muscles are unable to work together effectively, it can lead to difficulty controlling eye movements.

Genetic Factors

Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to eye movement disorders. Certain genetic mutations or abnormalities can affect the development and functioning of the eye muscles or the brain regions responsible for controlling eye movements. These genetic factors can contribute to the manifestation of eye movement difficulties.

Medication Side Effects

Some medications, particularly those used to treat neurological or psychiatric conditions, can have side effects that impact eye movements. These medications may interfere with the normal functioning of the muscles or the brain, leading to abnormal eye movements or difficulty controlling eye motions.

Remedies for Difficulty with Eye Movements

While difficulty with eye movements can be challenging to manage, there are various remedies and strategies that can help individuals improve their eye coordination and control. It is important to note that the effectiveness of these remedies may vary depending on the underlying cause of the eye movement difficulties. Consulting with a healthcare professional is essential to determine the most suitable approach for each individual. Some potential remedies include:

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy can be beneficial for individuals with eye movement challenges. Specific exercises and techniques can help strengthen the eye muscles and improve coordination. These exercises may involve tracking objects with the eyes, focusing on different distances, or performing eye movements in specific patterns. Physical therapy can be tailored to the individual’s needs and can significantly enhance eye movement control.

Medication Adjustments

If eye movement difficulties are caused by medication side effects, adjusting the dosage or switching to alternative medications may alleviate the symptoms. It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before making any changes to medication regimens to ensure safety and effectiveness.

Eye Tracking Technology

Advancements in technology have led to the development of eye tracking devices that can assist individuals with eye movement challenges. These devices use cameras and sensors to monitor eye movements and provide real-time feedback. By practicing with these devices, individuals can improve their eye coordination and learn strategies to control their eye movements more effectively.

Visual Aids and Assistive Devices

Using visual aids and assistive devices can help individuals compensate for their eye movement difficulties. For example, using large print books or magnifying glasses can make reading easier. Similarly, wearing specialized glasses or contact lenses can enhance visual clarity and reduce strain on the eyes.

Environmental Modifications

Modifying the environment can also be beneficial for individuals with difficulty controlling eye movements. Creating a well-lit space, minimizing distractions, and using contrasting colors can improve visual focus and make it easier to track objects or read text.


Difficulty with eye movements can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. Understanding the causes of this condition and exploring appropriate remedies is essential in managing and improving eye coordination and control. Whether through physical therapy, medication adjustments, eye tracking technology, visual aids, or environmental modifications, there are various strategies available to help individuals overcome eye movement challenges. Consulting with healthcare professionals and specialists in ophthalmology or neurology is crucial in developing a personalized treatment plan that addresses the underlying causes and provides the best possible outcomes for individuals experiencing difficulty with eye movements.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
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