What are the symptoms and treatment options for polyostotic fibrous dysplasia?

Symptom Database

Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia is a rare bone disease characterized by abnormal bone growth and deformities. It is a skeletal condition that primarily affects children and young adults, causing bone abnormalities and potentially leading to bone tumors. In this article, we will explore the symptoms and treatment options for polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, providing valuable insights into this rare bone disorder.

Symptoms of Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia

Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia can manifest in various ways, and the symptoms may vary from person to person. Some common symptoms of this bone disorder include:

  • Bone pain: Individuals with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia often experience localized bone pain, which can be mild to severe.
  • Bone deformities: The abnormal bone growth associated with fibrous dysplasia can lead to bone deformities, such as bowing of the legs or arms.
  • Fractures: Weakened bones in affected areas may be prone to fractures, even with minimal trauma.
  • Uneven growth: Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia can cause uneven growth of bones, leading to differences in limb length or facial asymmetry.
  • Endocrine abnormalities: In some cases, fibrous dysplasia can affect hormone production, resulting in endocrine abnormalities.

Treatment Options for Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia

While there is no cure for polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, treatment options aim to manage symptoms, prevent complications, and improve quality of life. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the condition and the specific symptoms experienced by the individual. Here are some common treatment options:


Medications may be prescribed to manage pain and reduce the risk of fractures. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help alleviate bone pain, while bisphosphonates may be used to strengthen the bones and reduce the risk of fractures.


In cases where bone deformities or fractures are severe, surgery may be necessary. Surgical interventions can help correct bone deformities, stabilize fractures, and improve overall function. Procedures such as osteotomy (bone reshaping) or bone grafting may be performed to address specific issues caused by fibrous dysplasia.

Hormone Replacement Therapy

If endocrine abnormalities are present, hormone replacement therapy may be recommended. This treatment approach aims to restore hormonal balance and manage any associated symptoms or complications.

Monitoring and Supportive Care

Regular monitoring of the condition is essential to detect any changes or complications. This may involve periodic imaging tests, such as X-rays or bone scans, to assess bone health and monitor the progression of fibrous dysplasia. Supportive care, including physical therapy and assistive devices, can also help individuals manage symptoms and improve mobility.

Living with Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia

Living with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia can present challenges, but with proper management and support, individuals can lead fulfilling lives. Here are some tips for coping with this rare bone disease:

  • Stay active: Engaging in regular physical activity, under the guidance of healthcare professionals, can help maintain bone strength and improve overall well-being.
  • Seek emotional support: Dealing with a chronic condition can be emotionally challenging. Connecting with support groups or seeking counseling can provide valuable emotional support.
  • Follow a balanced diet: A nutritious diet rich in calcium and vitamin D is essential for maintaining bone health. Consult a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian for personalized dietary recommendations.
  • Stay informed: Educate yourself about polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and stay updated on the latest research and treatment options. This knowledge can empower you to make informed decisions about your healthcare.

In conclusion, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia is a rare bone disorder characterized by abnormal bone growth and deformities. While there is no cure for this condition, various treatment options are available to manage symptoms and improve quality of life. It is important for individuals with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia to work closely with healthcare professionals to develop a personalized treatment plan and receive the necessary support. By staying informed and adopting a proactive approach, individuals can effectively manage this rare bone disease and lead fulfilling lives.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
Add a comment