What causes facial droop and what should I do?

Symptom Database

Facial droop, also known as facial paralysis or facial weakness, is a condition that can be caused by various factors. It occurs when there is damage or dysfunction in the facial nerve, leading to a loss of muscle control in the face. This article will explore the causes of facial droop and provide valuable insights on what to do if you experience this condition.

Understanding Facial Droop

Facial droop is characterized by a sagging or drooping appearance on one side of the face. It can affect the muscles responsible for facial expressions, such as smiling, blinking, and raising the eyebrows. The severity of facial droop can vary from mild to severe, depending on the extent of nerve damage.

Causes of Facial Droop

Facial droop can be caused by several factors, including:

  • Facial nerve palsy: This occurs when the facial nerve, which controls the muscles of the face, becomes inflamed or compressed.
  • Facial nerve damage: Trauma or injury to the face or head can result in damage to the facial nerve, leading to facial droop.
  • Facial nerve disorder: Certain medical conditions, such as Bell’s palsy or Ramsay Hunt syndrome, can cause facial nerve dysfunction and result in facial droop.

Symptoms of Facial Droop

In addition to the visible drooping of the face, other symptoms may accompany facial droop, including:

  • Difficulty closing one eye or blinking
  • Loss of sensation on one side of the face
  • Drooling or difficulty controlling saliva
  • Difficulty speaking or forming words

What Should I Do If I Experience Facial Droop?

If you experience facial droop, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. A healthcare professional will be able to diagnose the underlying cause of your facial droop and recommend appropriate treatment options. Here are some steps you can take:

1. Consult a Healthcare Professional

Make an appointment with your primary care physician or a neurologist who specializes in facial nerve disorders. They will conduct a thorough examination and may order additional tests, such as an MRI or electromyography, to determine the cause of your facial droop.

The treatment for facial droop depends on the underlying cause. Your healthcare professional may prescribe medications, such as corticosteroids, to reduce inflammation and promote nerve healing. Physical therapy or facial exercises may also be recommended to improve muscle strength and control.

3. Protect Your Eye

If you have difficulty closing your eye on the affected side, it is crucial to protect it from dryness and potential damage. Use lubricating eye drops and wear an eye patch or protective glasses, especially at night, to prevent corneal abrasions.

4. Practice Facial Muscle Exercises

Facial exercises can help improve muscle tone and control in the affected area. Your healthcare professional or a physical therapist can guide you on specific exercises to target the muscles involved in facial droop.

5. Seek Emotional Support

Dealing with facial droop can be emotionally challenging. Reach out to friends, family, or support groups to share your feelings and experiences. Counseling or therapy may also be beneficial in coping with the psychological impact of facial droop.

Can Facial Droop Be Cured?

The prognosis for facial droop depends on the underlying cause and the extent of nerve damage. In some cases, facial droop may resolve on its own within a few weeks or months, especially if it is caused by a condition like Bell’s palsy. However, in other cases, the recovery may be incomplete or take longer.

It is important to remember that each individual’s situation is unique, and the outcome can vary. Following the recommended treatment plan, practicing facial exercises, and seeking emotional support can all contribute to the recovery process.


Facial droop can be a distressing condition, but with prompt medical attention and appropriate treatment, it is possible to manage and improve the symptoms. If you experience facial droop, consult a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and develop a personalized treatment plan. Remember to protect your eye, practice facial muscle exercises, and seek emotional support throughout your journey to recovery.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
Add a comment