What causes ringing in ears and how to treat it?

Symptom Database

Have you ever experienced a persistent ringing in your ears that just won’t go away? This condition, known as tinnitus, can be incredibly frustrating and disruptive to daily life. In this article, we will explore the causes of ringing in ears and discuss various treatment options to provide relief.

Understanding Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the ears or head without any external source. It can manifest as ringing, buzzing, hissing, or even roaring noises. This condition affects millions of people worldwide and can be temporary or chronic.

Tinnitus Causes

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of tinnitus:

  • Exposure to loud noises: Prolonged exposure to loud music, machinery, or explosions can damage the delicate structures in the inner ear, leading to tinnitus.
  • Hearing loss: Age-related hearing loss or damage to the auditory system can result in tinnitus.
  • Earwax blockage: Excessive earwax can cause irritation and tinnitus symptoms.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions like Meniere’s disease, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, and high blood pressure can contribute to tinnitus.
  • Medications: Some medications, such as certain antibiotics, cancer drugs, and high doses of aspirin, can trigger tinnitus as a side effect.

Tinnitus Relief and Treatment

While there is no known cure for tinnitus, there are various treatment options available to manage the symptoms and provide relief:

1. Sound Therapy

Sound therapy aims to mask or distract from the ringing in ears by introducing external sounds. This can be achieved through the use of white noise machines, fans, or even smartphone apps that play soothing sounds like rain or ocean waves. Sound therapy can help reduce the perception of tinnitus and improve overall well-being.

2. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a form of counseling that helps individuals change their negative thought patterns and reactions to tinnitus. By addressing the emotional and psychological impact of tinnitus, CBT can significantly reduce distress and improve quality of life.

3. Medications

While there is no specific medication for tinnitus, certain drugs may be prescribed to manage associated symptoms such as anxiety or depression. These medications can help alleviate the emotional burden of tinnitus and improve overall well-being.

4. Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT)

Tinnitus Retraining Therapy combines sound therapy with counseling to help individuals habituate to the perception of tinnitus. TRT aims to retrain the brain’s response to tinnitus, making it less noticeable over time.

5. Lifestyle Changes

Adopting a healthy lifestyle can also contribute to tinnitus relief:

  • Avoid exposure to loud noises and use ear protection when necessary.
  • Manage stress levels through relaxation techniques like meditation or yoga.
  • Limit caffeine and alcohol consumption, as they can exacerbate tinnitus symptoms.
  • Ensure a good night’s sleep, as fatigue can worsen tinnitus.
  • Exercise regularly to improve blood circulation and overall well-being.

6. Natural Remedies for Tinnitus

While there is limited scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of natural remedies, some individuals find relief from the following:

  • Ginkgo biloba: This herbal supplement is believed to improve blood flow to the inner ear, potentially reducing tinnitus symptoms.
  • Acupuncture: Some people report a reduction in tinnitus symptoms after acupuncture sessions.
  • Essential oils: Certain essential oils, such as lavender or rosemary, may provide temporary relief when applied topically or diffused.

It is important to note that natural remedies may not work for everyone, and it is always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before trying any new treatment.


Ringing in ears, or tinnitus, can be a distressing condition that affects many individuals. While there is no known cure, various treatment options can provide relief and improve quality of life. From sound therapy to lifestyle changes, exploring different approaches can help individuals find the best management strategy for their tinnitus symptoms. Remember, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
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