What causes rough texture on skin and how to treat it?

Symptom Database

Have you ever noticed a rough texture on your skin? It can be frustrating and uncomfortable, but understanding what causes it and how to treat it can help you find relief. In this article, we will explore the various factors that contribute to rough skin texture and provide you with effective tips to improve the condition of your skin.

What Causes Rough Texture on Skin?

There are several factors that can lead to rough skin texture. Understanding these causes can help you identify the root of the problem and take appropriate measures to address it.


Dry skin is a common cause of rough texture. When your skin lacks moisture, it can become rough, flaky, and even itchy. Dryness can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Harsh weather conditions
  • Excessive bathing or showering
  • Using harsh soaps or cleansers
  • Not moisturizing regularly

To combat dryness, it is important to keep your skin hydrated by using a moisturizer suitable for your skin type. Look for products that contain ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, or ceramides, as they help lock in moisture and improve skin texture.

Excessive Sun Exposure

Overexposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays can damage your skin and lead to rough texture. The sun’s rays can deplete the natural oils in your skin, causing it to become dry and rough. Additionally, sun damage can also lead to the formation of fine lines, wrinkles, and age spots.

To protect your skin from the sun, make sure to apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher. Wear protective clothing, such as hats and long sleeves, and seek shade during peak sun hours.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors, such as pollution and harsh chemicals, can also contribute to rough skin texture. Pollutants in the air can clog your pores and cause inflammation, leading to rough and uneven skin.

To minimize the impact of environmental factors on your skin, cleanse your face thoroughly every day to remove dirt and impurities. Consider using a gentle cleanser that is free of harsh chemicals and fragrance.

How to Treat Rough Texture on Skin

Now that we have explored the causes of rough skin texture, let’s discuss some effective ways to treat it and improve the overall condition of your skin.


Regular exfoliation is key to removing dead skin cells and promoting a smoother texture. Choose a gentle exfoliator that suits your skin type and use it once or twice a week. Avoid over-exfoliating, as it can irritate your skin and worsen the rough texture.

Moisturize Regularly

As mentioned earlier, dryness is a common cause of rough skin texture. Therefore, it is crucial to moisturize your skin regularly to keep it hydrated. Apply a moisturizer after cleansing your face and body, focusing on areas that are particularly rough or dry.

Use a Humidifier

If you live in a dry climate or spend a lot of time in air-conditioned environments, using a humidifier can help add moisture to the air and prevent your skin from drying out. This can significantly improve the texture of your skin over time.

Avoid Harsh Products

Using harsh soaps, cleansers, or skincare products can strip your skin of its natural oils and exacerbate rough texture. Opt for gentle, fragrance-free products that are specifically formulated for sensitive or dry skin.

Protect Your Skin from the Sun

As mentioned earlier, excessive sun exposure can contribute to rough skin texture. Protect your skin by wearing sunscreen daily, even on cloudy days. Reapply sunscreen every two hours, especially if you are spending time outdoors.

Seek Professional Help

If you have tried various remedies and are still struggling with rough skin texture, it may be beneficial to consult a dermatologist. They can assess your skin condition and recommend appropriate treatments, such as chemical peels or laser resurfacing, to improve the texture of your skin.

In conclusion, rough skin texture can be caused by various factors, including dryness, excessive sun exposure, and environmental factors. By following the tips mentioned in this article, you can effectively treat rough texture and achieve smoother, healthier-looking skin. Remember to moisturize regularly, protect your skin from the sun, and seek professional help if needed. With consistent care and the right skincare routine, you can say goodbye to rough skin texture and hello to a smoother complexion.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
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