What are the causes and remedies for elevated heart rate?

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Elevated heart rate, also known as tachycardia, refers to a condition where the heart beats faster than the normal resting rate. While a temporary increase in heart rate is a natural response to physical activity or stress, a persistently high heart rate can be a cause for concern. In this article, we will explore the causes of elevated heart rate and discuss remedies to maintain a healthy heart rhythm and overall cardiovascular fitness.

Causes of Elevated Heart Rate

There are several factors that can contribute to an increased heart rate:

  • Physical activity: Engaging in exercise or any form of physical exertion can temporarily elevate heart rate. This is a normal response as the heart pumps more blood to meet the increased demand for oxygen.
  • Stress and anxiety: Emotional stress or anxiety can trigger the release of stress hormones, such as adrenaline, which can cause the heart to beat faster.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders, anemia, or heart diseases, can lead to an elevated heart rate. It is important to consult a healthcare professional if you experience persistent high heart rate.
  • Medications and substances: Certain medications, such as decongestants or asthma inhalers, as well as substances like caffeine or nicotine, can stimulate the heart and increase heart rate.

Remedies for Elevated Heart Rate

While it is essential to identify and address the underlying cause of an elevated heart rate, there are several remedies that can help maintain a healthy heart rhythm:

1. Relaxation Techniques

Practicing relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga, can help reduce stress and anxiety, thereby lowering heart rate. These techniques promote a sense of calmness and overall well-being.

2. Regular Exercise

Engaging in regular physical activity is crucial for maintaining cardiovascular fitness. Exercise strengthens the heart muscle, improves blood circulation, and helps regulate heart rate. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week.

3. Healthy Diet

A well-balanced diet plays a significant role in heart health. Incorporate foods rich in nutrients, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Avoid excessive consumption of processed foods, sugary drinks, and foods high in saturated and trans fats.

4. Limit Stimulants

Reduce or limit the intake of stimulants like caffeine and nicotine, as they can increase heart rate. Opt for decaffeinated beverages and consider healthier alternatives to smoking.

5. Stay Hydrated

Dehydration can contribute to an elevated heart rate. Ensure you drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day to maintain proper hydration levels.

6. Manage Stress

Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as engaging in hobbies, spending time with loved ones, or seeking professional help if needed. Chronic stress can have a negative impact on heart health and contribute to an increased heart rate.

7. Medication Review

If you are taking medications that may contribute to an elevated heart rate, consult your healthcare provider. They may adjust the dosage or prescribe alternative medications to help regulate your heart rate.

8. Get Sufficient Sleep

Adequate sleep is essential for overall health, including heart health. Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night to allow your body to rest and recover.

9. Monitor Heart Rate

Regularly monitor your heart rate to identify any abnormal patterns. Use a heart rate monitor or check your pulse manually. If you notice persistent high heart rate or experience symptoms like chest pain, dizziness, or shortness of breath, seek medical attention.


Elevated heart rate can be caused by various factors, including physical activity, stress, medical conditions, and certain substances. While it is important to address the underlying cause, incorporating relaxation techniques, regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress management strategies can help maintain a healthy heart rhythm. Remember to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and personalized advice. By taking proactive steps to care for your heart health, you can promote overall well-being and enjoy a healthier life.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
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