What are the causes and treatment options for facial bone deformities?

Symptom Database

Facial bone deformities, also known as facial deformities or facial bone abnormalities, refer to structural irregularities in the bones of the face. These deformities can range from minor cosmetic issues to severe functional impairments. Craniofacial abnormalities, maxillofacial deformities, and facial skeletal deformities are all terms used to describe various types of facial bone disorders. In this article, we will explore the causes of facial bone deformities and the available treatment options.

Causes of Facial Bone Deformities

Facial bone deformities can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Genetic factors: Some facial bone abnormalities are inherited and can be traced back to genetic mutations or conditions.
  • Trauma: Severe facial injuries, such as fractures or dislocations, can lead to permanent deformities if not properly treated.
  • Growth abnormalities: Abnormal growth patterns during childhood and adolescence can result in facial bone malformation.
  • Developmental disorders: Certain developmental disorders, such as cleft lip and palate, can cause facial bone abnormalities.
  • Tumors: Facial bone tumors can disrupt the normal structure of the face and lead to deformities.

Treatment Options for Facial Bone Deformities

The treatment of facial bone deformities depends on the specific condition and its severity. Here are some common treatment options:

Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontic treatment, such as braces or aligners, can be used to correct minor facial bone abnormalities. By applying gentle pressure to the teeth and jaws, orthodontic appliances gradually shift the position of the bones, improving the overall facial symmetry.

Maxillofacial Surgery

Maxillofacial surgery is often necessary for more severe facial bone deformities. This surgical procedure involves repositioning or reshaping the facial bones to achieve a more balanced and aesthetically pleasing appearance. It may also involve correcting functional issues, such as improving breathing or chewing.

Reconstructive Surgery

In cases where facial bone deformities are caused by trauma or tumors, reconstructive surgery may be required. This type of surgery aims to restore the normal structure and function of the face by replacing or repairing damaged bones and tissues.

Orthognathic Surgery

Orthognathic surgery is a specialized procedure used to correct significant jaw abnormalities. It involves repositioning the upper and lower jaws to improve bite alignment and facial symmetry. Orthognathic surgery can address functional issues, such as difficulty chewing or speaking, as well as cosmetic concerns.

Speech Therapy

In cases where facial bone deformities affect speech, speech therapy may be recommended. Speech therapists can help individuals improve their articulation and pronunciation through targeted exercises and techniques.


Facial bone deformities can have a significant impact on an individual’s physical appearance and overall quality of life. However, with advancements in medical technology and surgical techniques, there are various treatment options available to address these deformities. Whether through orthodontic treatment, maxillofacial surgery, reconstructive surgery, orthognathic surgery, or speech therapy, individuals with facial bone abnormalities can find relief and achieve improved facial aesthetics and functionality.

If you or someone you know is experiencing facial bone deformities, it is important to consult with a qualified healthcare professional who specializes in craniofacial abnormalities. They can provide a comprehensive evaluation and recommend the most appropriate treatment plan tailored to the individual’s specific needs. Remember, early intervention and timely treatment can greatly enhance the chances of successful outcomes and improve the overall well-being of individuals with facial bone deformities.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
Add a comment