What are the possible causes and remedies for fever?

Symptom Database

Fever, also known as high temperature, is a common symptom that indicates an underlying health issue. It is characterized by an increase in body temperature above the normal range of 36-37 degrees Celsius. While fever itself is not a disease, it is often a sign that the body is fighting off an infection or inflammation. In this article, we will explore the possible causes of fever, its symptoms, and various remedies to manage and treat it.

Causes of Fever

Fevers can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Infections: The most common cause of fever is an infection, such as a viral or bacterial infection. Examples include the flu, common cold, urinary tract infections, and pneumonia.
  • Inflammation: Inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease can also lead to fever.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as antibiotics and antihistamines, can cause a mild fever as a side effect.
  • Heat exhaustion: Exposure to excessive heat or prolonged sun exposure can result in a feverish condition.
  • Autoimmune disorders: Conditions like lupus or vasculitis can cause recurrent fevers.

Symptoms of Fever

When experiencing a fever, individuals may also exhibit other symptoms, including:

  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Chills and sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dehydration

How to Treat Fever

While fever itself is not usually a cause for concern, it is important to manage and treat it to alleviate discomfort and aid the body’s healing process. Here are some effective ways to treat fever:

Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of fluids is crucial when experiencing a fever. Water, herbal teas, and clear broths can help prevent dehydration and promote overall well-being.

Rest and Sleep

Allowing your body to rest and get adequate sleep is essential for recovery. Resting helps conserve energy and enables the immune system to fight off the underlying cause of the fever.

Over-the-Counter Medications

Non-prescription medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) can help reduce fever and alleviate associated symptoms. However, it is important to follow the recommended dosage and consult a healthcare professional if the fever persists or worsens.

Home Remedies for Fever

In addition to conventional treatments, there are several home remedies that can provide relief from fever:

Cool Compress

Applying a cool compress to the forehead or taking a lukewarm bath can help lower body temperature and provide temporary relief from fever.


Hydrotherapy involves alternating between warm and cool water to stimulate blood circulation and regulate body temperature. This can be done by soaking in a warm bath for a few minutes, followed by a cool shower.

Herbal Teas

Certain herbal teas, such as chamomile or peppermint, have natural cooling properties and can help reduce fever. Drinking these teas can provide comfort and promote relaxation.

Fever Relief and Management

While treating the underlying cause of the fever is essential, there are additional measures you can take to manage and find relief from fever:

Monitor Body Temperature

Regularly checking your body temperature using a thermometer can help you track the progress of the fever and determine if the treatment is effective.

Dress Comfortably

Wearing lightweight and breathable clothing can help regulate body temperature and prevent overheating.

Stay in a Cool Environment

Avoiding hot and stuffy environments can help prevent the exacerbation of fever symptoms. Use fans or air conditioning to maintain a comfortable temperature.

Fever Treatment

In most cases, fever is a temporary condition that resolves on its own as the body fights off the underlying cause. However, if the fever persists for more than a few days, is accompanied by severe symptoms, or is affecting young children or individuals with weakened immune systems, it is important to seek medical attention.

A healthcare professional will be able to diagnose the underlying cause of the fever and recommend appropriate treatment. This may involve prescribing antibiotics for bacterial infections or antiviral medications for viral infections.

In conclusion, fever is a common symptom that can be caused by various factors, including infections, inflammation, medications, and heat exhaustion. While fever itself is not a disease, it is important to manage and treat it to alleviate discomfort and aid the body’s healing process. By staying hydrated, getting adequate rest, and using over-the-counter medications or home remedies, individuals can find relief from fever symptoms. However, if the fever persists or worsens, it is crucial to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Haroon Rashid, MD
Rate author
Urgent Care Center of Arlington, VA
Add a comment